Selected academic articles: 2000 to present time

Snow, P. (2020). SOLAR: The Science of Language and Reading. Child Language Teaching and Therapy. Published online August 4 open access

Snow, P., McLean, E. & Frederico, M. (2020). The language, literacy and mental health profiles of adolescents in out-of-home care: An Australian sample. Child Language Teaching and Therapy. Released early online July 21, 2020.  open access

Snow, P. (2020). Balanced literacy or systematic reading instruction? Perspectives on Language and Literacy, Winter, 35-39. open access

Swain, N., Eadie, P. & Snow, P. (2020) Speech and language therapy for adolescents in youth justice: A series of empirical single case studies. International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders. Published online March 21 

Graham, L., White, S., Tancredi, H., Snow, P. & Cologan, K. (2020). A longitudinal analysis of the alignment between children’s early word-level reading trajectories, teachers’ reported concerns and supports provided. Reading and Writing. Accepted January, 25, 2020. Published online February 9, open access 

Goldfeld, S., Snow, P., Eadie, P., Munro, J., Gold, L., Orsini, F., Connell, J., Stark, H, Watts, A., & Shingles, B. (in press). Teacher knowledge of oral language and literacy constructs: Results of a randomized controlled trial evaluating the effectiveness of a professional learning intervention. Scientific Studies of Reading. Published online February 11, 2020. 

Snow, P., Graham, L., Serry. T., & McLean, E. (2019). Profiling the language and reading comprehension skills of adolescents in flexible learning programs. International Journal of Speech Language Pathology, Released early online, August 25, 2019. 

Marshall, S. & Snow, P. (2019). Tackling literacy-related learning difficulties in children. Clinical Focus Therapy Update. Australian Doctor, August 21. 

Snow, P. (2019). What does Evidence-Based Practice mean in education in 2019? InSped Quarterly, June. 

Ashman, G. & Snow, P. (2019). Oral language competence: How it relates to classroom behavior. American Educator 

Stark, H., Eadie, P., Goldfeld, S., & Snow, P. (2019). The impact of a sustained oral language professional learning program on Australian teachers’ knowledge, practice and beliefs: A mixed-methods exploration. Professional Development in Education. Published online April 19, 2019. 

Snow, P.C., Timms, L., Powell, M.B, & Lum, J.A.G. (2019). Narrative language skills of maltreated children living in out-of-home care. International Journal of Speech Language Pathology 1-12. Released early online May 3, 2019. 

Snow, P. (2019). Speech-language pathology and the youth offender: Epidemiological overview and roadmap for future speech-language pathology research and scope of practice. Language, Speech and Hearing Services in Schools, 1-16. open access: 

Woodward, M., Swain, N., McLean, E. & Snow, P. (2019). What’s the evidence? Speech-Language Pathology (SLP) intervention with young people in custody. Journal of Clinical Practice in Speech Language Pathology, 21(1), 29-33. 

Benedan, L., Powell, M.B. Zajacc, R. Lum, J.A.G., Snow, P.C. (2018). Suggestibility in neglected children: The influence of intelligence, language and social skills. Child Abuse & Neglect,79, 51-60. 

Snow, P. (2018). It’s time for a reading renaissance. Professional Educator, October, 37-40. 

Lum, J., Powell, M., & Snow, P. (2018). The influence of maltreatment history and out-of-home-care on children's language and social skills. Child Abuse & Neglect, 76, 65-74. 

Snow, P.C., Bagley, K. & White, D. (2018). Speech-language pathology intervention in a youth justice setting: Benefits perceived by staff extend beyond communication. International Journal of Speech Language Pathology, 20(4), 458-467. 

Goldfeld, S., Snow, P., Eadie, P., Gold, L., Ha, L. Orsini, F., Munro, J., Shingles, B. (2017). Classroom Promotion of Oral Language (CPOL): Protocol for a cluster randomised controlled trial of a school-based intervention to improve children's literacy outcomes at Grade 3, oral language and mental health. BMJ Open, 11(7),   open access: 

Snow, P., Castles, A., Wheldall, K. & Coltheart, M. (2017). Why Australia should trial the new phonics screening check. LDA Bulletin, 49(1), 4-5. 

Wheldall, K., Snow, P. & Graham. L. (2017). Explainer: What does the term ‘synthetic phonics’ really mean? LDA Bulletin, 49(1), 6-7. 

Law, J., Levickis, P., McKean, C., Goldfeld, S., Snow, P., Reilly, S. (2017) Child Language in a Public Health Context. Melbourne: Murdoch Childrens Research Institute open access:  

Bishop, D.V.M., Snowling, M.J., Thompson, P.A., Greenhalgh, T. & the CATALISE Consortium (2017).  CATALISE: A multinational and multidisciplinary Delphi consensus study of problems with language development. Phase 2. TerminologyPeerJ Preprint: open access: 

Snow, P.C. & Woodward, M.N. (2016). Intervening to address communication difficulties in incarcerated youth: A Phase 1 Clinical Trial. International Journal of Speech Language Pathology, Released Early Online October 8, 2016. 

Bishop, D.V.M., Snowling, M.J., Thompson, P.A., Greenhalgh, T. & the CATALISE Consortium (2016). CATALISE: A multinational and multidisciplinary Delphi consensus study. 1. Identifying language impairments in children. PLOS One. open access: Published July 8, 2016. 

Anderson, S.A.S., Hawes, D.J. & Snow, P.C. (2016). Language impairments among youth offenders: A systematic review. Children and Youth Services Review. Accepted April 6, 2016; available online 12 April 2016. 

Snow, P. (2016). Reading is a verb. Literacy is not. LDA Bulletin, 48(2), 8-9. 

Douglas, J.M. Bracy, C., & Snow, P. C. (2016). Return to work and social communication ability following severe traumatic brain injury. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, (59), 511-520. 

Brubacher, S., Powell, M.B., Snow, P.C., Skouteris, H. & Manger, B. (2016).  Guidelines for teachers to elicit detailed and accurate narrative accounts from children. Children and Youth Services Review, 63, 83-92. open access: 

Snow, P.C. (2016). Language is literacy is language. Positioning Speech Language Pathology in education policy, practice, paradigms, and polemics. International Journal of Speech Language Pathology, early online 9/2/2016. Invited paper based on Elizabeth Usher Memorial Lecture, Speech Pathology Australia National Convention, Canberra, May, 2015. open access: 

Stark, H.L., Snow, P.C., Eadie, P.A. & Goldfeld, S.R. (2015). Language and reading instruction in early years’ classrooms: The knowledge and self-rated ability of Australian teachers. Annals of Dyslexia, 66(1), 28-54. 

Snow, P.C., Woodward, M., Mathis, M., Powell,M.B. (2015). Language functioning, mental health and alexithymia in incarcerated young offenders  International Journal of Speech Language Pathology, 18(1), 20-31. 

Lum, J., Powell, M., Timms, L. & Snow, P. (2015). A meta-analysis of case-control studies investigating language in maltreated children. Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research 58, 961-976.  

Snow, P.C., Sanger, D.D., Caire, L., Eadie, P. & Dinslage, T. (2015). Improving communication outcomes for young offenders: A proposed Response to Intervention framework. International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 50(1), 1-13. 

Sanger, D.D., Nawrocki, J.M., & Snow, P.C. (2015). Top ten tips for improving the communication skills of institutionalized young offenders. Juvenile Justice Update, 21(3), 3–4, 14–15.  

Snow, P. (2014). Oral language competence and the transition to school: Socio-economic and behavioural factors that influence academic and social success. International Journal on School Disaffection, 11(1), 3-24. 

Snow, P., Cocking, K. & Harvey, P. (2014). Fitness-to-practice concerns in rural undergraduate medical education: A qualitative study. BMC Medical Education, 14:195, open access:

Mendes, P., Baidawi, S. & Snow, P. (2014). The views of service providers on the challenges facing young people also involved in the youth justice system transitioning from out-of-home care. Journal of Policy Practice, 13, 239–257. 

Baidawi, S., Mendes, P. & Snow, P.  (2014) “Setting them up to fail” – System responses to dual order child protection and youth justice clients. Alternative Law Journal, 39(1), 31-35. 

Mendes, P. & Snow, P. (2014). The needs and experiences of young people with a disability transitioning from out-of-home care: The views of practitioners in Victoria, Australia Children and Youth Services Review, 36, 115-123.    

Bourke, E., Snow, P., Herily, A., Amor, D., & Metcalfe, S. (2014). Klinefelter syndrome: A general practice perspective, Australian Family Physician, 43, 1-2, 38-41. 

Mendes, P., Baidawi, S. Snow, P. (2014). Young people transitioning from out-of-home care in Victoria: Strengthening support services for dual clients of child protection and youth justice. Australian Social Work, 67(1), 6-23. 

Fox, C., Snow, P.C. & Holland, K. (2013). Sensory processing difficulties in children at risk of conduct disorder in the primary school years. Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties. Accepted September 5, 2013. Released early online December 10, 2013.  

Mendes, P., Baidawi, S. Snow, P. (2013). Young people transitioning from out-of-home care: A critical analysis of leaving care policy, legislation and housing support in the Australian State of Victoria. Child Abuse Review. Released early online November 28, 2013. 

Hayes, H. & Snow, P.  (2013). Oral language competence and restorative justice processes: Refining preparation and the measurement of conference outcomes. Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice, 463, 1-7. open access: 

Snow, P.C., Eadie, P.A., Connell, J., Andersen, B., McCusker, H.J., & Munro, J.K. (2013). Oral language supports early literacy: A pilot cluster randomized trial in disadvantaged schools. International Journal of Speech Language Pathology. Released early online October 26, 2013.  

Law, J., Reilly, S. & Snow, P.C. (2013). Child speech, language and communication need re-examined in a public health context: a new direction for the speech and language therapy profession. International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 48(5) 486-496. 

Bourke, E., Snow, P., Herily, A., Amor, D., & Metcalfe, S. (2013). A qualitative exploration of parents' experiences of having a child with Klinefelter syndrome and the process of reaching this diagnosis. European Journal of Human Genetics. 22 May 2013 doi:10.1038/ejhg.2013.102.  

Snow, P.C., Sanger, D.D., Childers, C., Pankonin, C., & Wright, S. (2013). Response to Intervention in secondary settings: Speech Language Pathologists’ perspectives. International Journal of Speech Language Pathology, 15(5), 463-470.  

Snow, P.C. (2013). Restorative Justice Conferencing, language competence, and young offenders: Are these high-risk conversations? (Invited manuscript) Prevention Researcher, 20(1), 18-20.  

Mathew, P.  Pannek, K., Snow, P., D’Acunto, M.G., Guzzetta, A., Rose, S.E., Colditz, P. & Finnigan, S. (2013). Maturation of corpus callosum anterior midbody is associated with neonatal motor function in preterm-born infants. Neural Plasticity, Vol 2013 (2013), Article ID 359532, 7 pages.

Snow, P.C., Powell, M.B. & Sanger, D.D. (2012). Oral language competence, young speakers and the law. Language, Speech & Hearing Services in Schools, 43, 496-506.  

Sanger, D.D., Friedli, C., Brunken, C., Snow, P. Ritzman, M. (2012). Educators' year long reactions to the implementation of a Response to Intervention (RTI) model. Journal of Ethnographic and Qualitative Research, 7, 98-107. 

Sanger, D., Snow, P.C., Colburn, C., Gergen, M. & Ruf, M. (2012).  Speech-Language Pathologists’ reactions to Response to Intervention: A qualitative study. International Journal of Speech Language Pathology, 14(1), 1-10. 

Snow, P.C. & Powell, M.B. (2011). Youth (In)justice: Oral language competence in early life and risk for engagement in antisocial behaviour in adolescence. Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice, 435, Australian Institute of Criminology. open access: - 

Snow, P.C. & Powell, M.B. (2011). Oral language competence in incarcerated young offenders: Links with offending severity.  International Journal of Speech Language Pathology, 13(6), 480-489. 

Snow, P.C. & Sanger, D.D. (2011). Restorative justice conferencing and the youth offender: Exploring the role of oral language competence. International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 46(3), 324-333.  

Feltis, B., Powell, M.P., Snow, P.C., & Hughes-Scholes, C.H. (2010). An examination of the association between interviewer question type and story-grammar detail in child witness interviews about abuse. Child Abuse & Neglect, 34, 407-413. 

Antoniazzi, D., Snow, P. & Dickson-Swift, V.  (2010). Teacher identification of children at risk for oral language impairment in the first year of school. International Journal of Speech Language Pathology, 12(3), 244-252. 

Sanger, D.D., Ritzman, M., Stremlau, A. & Snow, P. (2010). Juvenile delinquent girls reflect on learning in schools and offer suggestions. Journal of Ethnographic and Qualitative Research, 5, 45-54. 

 Snow, P.C., Powell, M.B., & Murfett, R. (2009). Getting the story from child witnesses: Exploring the application of a story grammar framework. Psychology, Crime & Law, 15(6), 555-568. 

Ward, B.M., James, E.L., Graham, M.L, & Snow, P.C (2009).  Assessing epidemiological learning amongst undergraduate students. Focus on Health Professional Education, 10(3), 26-38. 

Snow, P.C. (2009). Child maltreatment, mental health and oral language competence: Inviting Speech Language Pathology to the prevention table. International Journal of Speech Language Pathology, 11(12), 95-103.  

Ward, B.L., Dickson-Swift , V., James, E.L., Snow, P.C., Spark, J. & Verrinder, A. (2008). Incorporating research training into undergraduate pharmacy courses: A case study from Australia. Pharmacy Education, 8(1)1-6. 

Murfett, R., Powell, M.B., & Snow, P.C. (2008). The effect of intellectual disability on children’s adherence to a ‘story-grammar’ framework during an investigative interview. Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, 33(1), 2-11. 

Snow, P.C. & Powell, M.B. (2008). Oral language competence, social skills, and high risk boys: What are juvenile offenders trying to tell us? Children and Society, 22, 16-28. 

Douglas, J.M., Bracy, C.A. & Snow, P.C. (2007). Exploring the factor structure of the La Trobe Communication Questionnaire: Insights into the nature of communication deficits following traumatic brain injury. Aphasiology, 21(12), 1181 – 1194.  

Powell, M.B. & Snow, P.C. (2007). Recommendations for eliciting a disclosure of abuse from a young child. Australian Police Journal, 61(2), 76-80.  

Douglas, J.M., Bracy, C.A. & Snow, P.C. (2007). Measuring perceived communicative ability after traumatic brain injury: Reliability and discriminant validity of the La Trobe Communication Questionnaire. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 22(1), 31-38.   

Powell, M.B. & Snow, P.C. (2007). Guide to questioning children during the free-narrative phase of an interview about abuse. Australian Psychologist, 42(1), 57-65. 

James, E.L., Graham, M., Snow, P.C., Ward, B. (2006). Teaching research and epidemiology to undergraduate students in the health sciences. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 30(6), 575 –578.  

Agnew, S. E., Powell, M.B., & Snow, P.C. (2006).  An examination of the questioning styles of police officers and caregivers when interviewing children with intellectual disabilities Legal & Criminological Psychology, 11(1), 35-53.  

Snow, P.C. & Powell, M.B. (2005). What’s the story? An exploration of narrative language abilities in male juvenile offenders. Psychology, Crime and Law, 11(3) 239-253. 

 Snow, P. & Powell, M. (2004). Interviewing juvenile offenders: The importance of oral language competence. Current Issues in Criminal Justice, 16(2), 220-225.  

 Snow, P.C. & Powell, M.B. (2004). Developmental language disorders and adolescent risk: A public-health advocacy role for speech pathologists? International Journal of Speech Language Pathology, 6(4), 221-229.  

 Thomson, M.B. & Snow, P.C. (2002). The written expression of children with reading disabilities: A comparison of written and dictated narratives. Australian Journal of Learning Disabilities, 7(4), 13-19.  

Humber, E. & Snow, P.C. (2001). The oral language skills of young offenders: A pilot investigation. Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, 8(1), 1-11.  

Snow, P. (2000). Language disabilities, comorbid developmental disorders and risk for drug abuse in adolescence. Brain Impairment, 1(2), 165-176.  

Snow, P.C. & Douglas, J.M. (2000). Conceptual and methodological challenges in discourse assessment with TBI speakers: Towards an understanding. Brain Injury, 14 (5), 397-415.  

Douglas, J.M., O'Flaherty, C.A., & Snow, P.C. (2000). Measuring perception of communicative ability: The development and evaluation of the La Trobe Communication Questionnaire. Aphasiology, 14, 251-268.